Thursday, June 09, 2005

Iran News - Interview with Iran's former police chief, Qalibaf

Iran News - Interview with Iran's former police chief, Qalibaf: " Interview with Iran's former police chief, Qalibaf

Thursday, June 09, 2005 - ©2005 IranMania.com
LONDON, June 9 (IranMania) - Iran's former police chief and the 9th presidential candidate Mohammad-Baqer Qalibaf in an interview with IRIB recently outlined his future platform in case of turning Iran's president, according to IRNA.

The following is an excerpt of the interview:

"In the Name of the Most High I believe foreign policy of the state should be based on collaboration. Since borders are almost perished and even definition on borders has undergone changes,collaboration has come to reserve a special status in the world. If I turn a president,my cabinet will put on its agenda collaboration with the countries with which we share interests.

I do not agree association of fundamentalism and radicalism in foreign policy. Our country needs to pass the period of detente and confidence building.The country should reach the stage of having effective relations and positive collaboration in the world. We should play a role in global equations and win our share.

In talks with Europeans we showed that we are for logic, dialogue and cooperation. We are not at all after fanning tension and hostilities. We want cooperation with all countries, except the countries that want to undermine and humiliate us.

Many countries have not had good approach towards our revolution.

This has especially been true during the eight-year war imposed by former Iraqi ruler Saddam on us. Certain countries did not treat us well during imposed war. Many European and even some neighboring states acted against us when we were defending ourselves in the face of Saddam's invasion. We were all witness to the anti-Iran hostile approach those times. Saddam used to make troubles for regional peace and security. All the countries supporting Saddam those times were responsible for his unwise stances and gestures. We, however, stood firm and acted logically and fairly those times.

Certain European states threw their weight and support for the outlawed terrorist Mujahideen Khalq Organization, that has been acting against our interests. The countries do still support the outfit. I believe Europe and the world at large should take all the components into consideration in their relations with Iran. We have always been striving for peace and security in the region. We have never created any problem for peace and security in the region, rather we have been trying to enhance security. We have not yet received any positive and full response to our measures, however.

Relation with the US is a highly complicated issue.

Simplification of the problem could entail unfavorable consequences.

This is a subject,which deserves special attention. There are now two views in our country about the issue. The first approach blames foreign enemies, including the US, for all problems, weak performances and poor management. This is not a right approach. We should pay attention to realities. We should not lay the blame only on foreign enemies.
There are yet other groups on the scene of foreign policy, which believe relations with the issue would be the key to all problems. They believe we can solve any kind of problem in different fields through establishing relations with the US.
As you see there are many oil rich states in the region. They have also very good relations with the US.Many problems on domestic and foreign scenes have not however been solved.

It should be noted that negotiations are different with dialogue, debate, discussion and exchange of opinions.

Power lies behind talks. If you do not stand powerful outside the hall of talks, you will definitely be the loser in the talks.

The US is constantly referring to us as a government supporting terrorism, violating human rights, producing nuclear bombs and opposing the Middle East peace process. The US has put us along with Iraq and North Korea in the triangle of "axis of evil".

Washington has every now and then put us the likely target of its military invasion after Iraq. The US is constantly
threatening and accusing us. It issues different kinds of sanctions against us. It will build up different kinds of
pressures on us and gain incentives as we enter the hall of discussions. If we enter talks, the US will try to push us backward step by step. It would impose new things on us to take further concessions and make us unable to sit behind the negotiation table.

It will force us to stop talks. then it will start building up pressures on us again.

So, we should:
First of all, assess ongoing conditions, identify the pressure levers and find what are our strong points. We should know to what extent we can raise pressure.

Secondly, we should get to know to what extent we want to give concessions. The Iran-US problem is not something dependent on Iran.

I mean, we should not think that the problem can be solved if we go into talks and give concessions. The US is one side of the coin. It has taken a complicated approach towards the issue. We should not think that we can solve the problem if we wish. A president has a limited authority and power in such a national case as the US. Relations with the US and holding or not holding talks with it is a national issue and policy. The leader,Expediency Council, Majlis and other decision-making bodies as well as president play a role in such issue. Certain strategic issues, that have something to do with our national security and interests, should not turn victim of factional fighting.

Iran's nuclear case should not turn into a tool for the candidates to harm image of his rival to garner more votes. Iran's nuclear case is eally complicated and difficult. It is a national case and is not the concern of a special group or personality. The islamic establishment of Iran and the key decision makers in the establishment are the only authorities that have the right to follow he nuclear dossier. The other party(Europeans) in the nuclear talks are really very powerful. The group of people - Europeans and the International Atomic Energy Agency - and the US pressures, make the nuclear talks really hard and complicated. Proposals and criticisms should be raised in the process.

Attempts should be made to ensure all discussions aim Iran's victory in the talks, stronger national power and national interests. We should insist on national interests in the nuclear talks and in all occasions. We should take into consideration all the global realities and power equations on the international scene.

Tehran's stances on the nuclear problem has been wise and well-calculated. On the one hand, we should strive for restoration of Iran's legal and natural rights of access to nuclear technology.

On the other hand, we should follow the goal through dialogue and cooperation with the international institutions and winning global confidence. We should neither submit to illegal pressures of foreign powers nor raise hostile approaches to the world. We should rather select a complicated approach, which would guarantee Iran's rights and interests. This is something accessible through cooperation, discussions and debate. We could those times even abandon
international treaties on nuclear energy. This was our legal rights even. Besides peaceful nuclear energy we do need to have cooperation with the world. We should win their confidence. Our international prestige should not be harmed. We should not allow those, that want to distort our image, to be successful in their works.

So, on the whole, the discussions on the nuclear dossier should e well l-guided. There might be criticisms over details of the talks - as there are. People should be assured that any concessions that are given and any restriction that is accepted would be to the interest of the country. And finally, access to peaceful nuclear technology has turned into a national demand. People have specially become sensitive towards the issue with regards to foreigners' pressures and restrictions. This Islamic Republic establishment will not fall short in the case. Iran is seriously trying to ensure that the national achievement will not be harmed. Our nuclear diplomacy should be seriously taken into consideration. The insistence on restoration of Iran's rights and national interests and on the strategy of " Neither surrendering nor hostility" shows maturity of our diplomacy. We should not compromise our right principles on the international scene.

We should follow up our rights through logical means, through cooperation, dialogue and reputation. We can have ties with other countries, while following our own dignity and interests."